A drawing scroll by Aloise (length of 2 floors), the painting on the wall behind it is by August Walla, Collection de L'Art Brut Lausanne, Switzerland, 2007. Photos: L. Moriarity.

Art Brut: A French term invented by the artist Jean Dubuffet to describe artwork from an environment and processes untouched by the culture of art and its institutions. Art works are created from a place of authenticity. Art works make no reference to official art. Creations are mostly made in isolation: institution, hospital. The artist is untrained or has little knowledge of the culture of art.

Art Naive (naïf): A term in French and English to describe art work that may seem child-like in form and subject matter. Art work can reference official art. Naive art includes the work of street people, mentally ill, traumatized, and impoverished. The term categorizes art work somewhere between Art Brut and Art Singulier.

Art Singulier: A French term used more recently (late 20th century) to describe creations from an untrained artist, however, some art works reference official art, and it includes fantastical art works.

Assemblage: A work of art composed of found objects that have lost their original purposes, materials and other items.

Found object: An object that has lost its original purpose; part of a work of art.

Hourloupé: Is a cycle of art works by, artist, Jean Dubuffet. The word itself was invented by Dubuffet, its meaning, to shout, to howl, and wolf, was inspired from and for/as mental distraction.

Outsider Art: An English term used to describe creations of art outside the culture of the mainstream and foundon the margins (and marginalized people). Outsider Art includes forms of Folk Art.

Over all: A piece of paper, or other surface, is worked (covered) completely with materials (i.e. paint, etc.) to every edge of its surface .

Primitive Art: An English term used in the early 20th century to describe tribal items of colonized regions around the world.

Raw Art: The English translation for the French term Art Brut. Raw Art describes artwork from an environment and process untouched by the culture of art and its institutions. Art works are created from a place of authenticity. Art works sometimes make no reference to official art. Creations are mostly made in isolation: institution, hospital. The artist is untrained or has little knowledge of the culture of art. However, in contemporary usage in english it has included all manifestations mentioned above.

Self-taught artist: An artist who has received no formal training in the arts

Transformation: When the human body, animal, object, or nature changes, i.e. from one shape, to another shape; from one form to another form, etc.

Visionary artist: An individual who creates artwork and claims their motivation comes from his/her experience of an apparition, prophecy, or revelation(s).

© 2007, L.Moriarity, For education purposes only. This page updated June 2008.